...about what has happening, or what is happening. It is about truth, it is about illumination.
Conviction is about exposing and revealing what is in our hearts. It is specific and is for the purpose of inviting us into repentance and forgiveness. It speaks to a particular act and judges it.
...about what will happen. It is about punishment, and sentencing.
Condemnation is about shaming and punishing what is wicked. It is general and for the purpose of diminishing or demolishing the offending person. It speaks to a whole person and judges them.